A little trivia. What year did Screen Actors Guild reclaime jurisdiction over "Extra's" contracts, outside of the 300 mile New York Extra Zone?
Some remember 1990 as the year The Screen Actors Guild reclaimed jurisdiction over what are now known as background actors (not covered by a Screen Extra's Guild contract). But that was the year SEG went bankrupt. 1992 in the year of record.
A background actor or extra is a performer in a film, television show, stage, musical, opera or ballet production, who appears in a nonspeaking or nonsinging (silent) capacity, usually in the background (for example, in an audience or busy street scene). War films and epic films often employ background actors in large numbers: some films have featured hundreds or even thousands of paid background actors as cast members (hence the term 'cast of thousands'). Likewise, grand opera can involve many background actors appearing in spectacular productions.
On a film or TV set, background actors are usually referred to as "background talent", "background performers", "background artists", "background cast members" or simply "background" while the term "extra" is rarely used. In a stage production, background actors are commonly referred to as "supernumeraries". In opera and ballet, they are called either "extras" or "supers".
SAG has always had jurisdicton in NYC...but never outside NY Zone until an emergency vote of the SAG Board to assume jurisdiction..1992 I believe (I joined the board in 1994). SEG went bankrupt, and SAG failed to approve a merger. Two years (and a board election) later we had to fight for lower rates and from square one to add background to our contracts. I am told it was a heated debate and still divides us by locals and income...a class system even though we are all full members. I was SEG, AFTRA, SAG at the time.